COASTAL ZONE PROTECTION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES AND TURKISH EFFORTS

Ozge Yalciner Ercoskun
865 274

Abstract


This paper aims to strengthen our understanding of climate-related risks and human impacts on specific coastal ecosystems in coastal cities in the Mediterranean countries using international project networks and studies of some Mediterranean cities. It draws on an analysis of legal framework, coastal agencies and international projects showing climate change impacts to highlight to national and municipal decision making and potential protection and adaptation options. Kaş-Kekova marine protected area project and ICZM planning efforts are summarized in Turkey from a city planning and public participation approach. The paper shows that public participation is as a necessary tool to ensure a successful implementation of ICZM strategies and climate change adaptation plans for the Mediterranean coastal cities.


Keywords


coastal zone protection, ICZM, sustainable coastal planning, the Mediterranean countries, Turkey

Full Text:

PDF

References


ICZM Protocol, 2008, Protocol to the Barcelona Convention on Integrated Coastal Zone Management, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:22009A0204(01)&from=EN

MSSD, 2002, A Framework for Environmental Sustainability and Shared Prosperity, INFO/RAC-MAP United Nations Environment Programme, ITALY http://planbleu.org/sites/default/files/upload/files/smdd_uk.pdf

Le Visage, C. and Le Tissier, M. (2015) Assessment of CAMP Projects.UNEP/MAP, PAP/RAC, http://meetings.pap-thecoastcentre.org/docs/camp_assessment30042015.pdf

MEDPAN website, Network of Marine Protected Area Managers in the Mediterranean, http://www.medpan.org/en/especes-remarquables, http://www.medpan.org/en/pressures, http://www.medpan.org/en/2014-2015-small-projects

Roberts, D. (2010) Local government and climate change adaptation: A reality check from Africa. Paper presented at the meeting of 1st World Congress on Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change Resilient Cities 2010, Bonn, Germany.

Hopkins, R. (2008) The Transition Handbook. Devon, UK: Green Books.

Executive Summary (2014) Coastal Mega Cities. The World Bank e-institute Safe and Resilient Cities e-course Notes

Barcelona Convention overview, The Mediterranean Action Plan and its Protocols Brochure. UNEP Barcelona Convention Secretariat, 8/10/2015, http://195.97.36.231/dbases/MAPpublications/Brochure_UNEPMAP_2015_Eng.pdf

Concept Note (2015) Regional Workshop on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in The Mediterranean. AFD, Plan Bleu, Antibes, France

Conservatoire du Littoral website, http://www.conservatoire-du-littoral.fr

National Trust (2014) Shifting Shores- adapting to change Brochure,http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/features/living-with-change-our-shifting-shores

Gressot, M., Galli, A., Grunewald, N., Baaabou, W. and Ouellet-Plamondon, C. (2015) City Footprint And Leverage Points For Resource Management. Paper presented in Eco-city World Summit, Abu Dhabi

Sauzade, D., Boudine, T. and Murciano Virto, C. (2015) Economic and social analysis of marine and coastal ecosystems in the Mediterranean. PlanBleu Notes 29, Sophia Antipolis, France

Venturini, S., Satta, A., Puddu, M., Firth, J. and Lafitte, A. (2015) Towards a multi-scale coastal risk index for the Mediterranean. PlanBleu Notes 28, Sophia Antipolis, France

The Coastal Management Center website, pap-thecoastcenter.org

The MedPartnership, Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean Sea Large Marine Ecosystem, themedpartnership.org

National System of Marine Protected Areas website, mpa.gov.tr

Çağlayan, E. ( 2015) MCPAs in Turkey & Kaş-Kekova MPA. Paper presented in AFD, Plan Bleu workshop on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), Antibes-Juan-les Pins, France

Tural, U. (2012) MEDPAN South Turkey Pilot Project, Developing A Management Plan For Kaş-Kekova Specially Protected Area (SPA), Results of Marine Biodiversity Research. Commissioned by WWF MedPO.

WWF SEA-MED project website, http://mediterranean.panda.org/about/marine/marine_protected_area/the_seamed_project/

Cömert, Ç., Bahar, Ö. and Şahin, N. (2008) Integrated Coastal Zone Management And Cage Siting For Marine Aquaculture. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 17(12b), 2217-2225.

WWF Turkey website, http://awsassets.wwftr.panda.org/downloads/wwf_z_kart_web.pdf

T.C. Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, Mekansal Planlama Genel Müdürlüğü, Bütünleşik Kıyı Alanları Planları,

http://www.csb.gov.tr/gm/mpgm/index.php?Sayfa=sayfa&Tur=banner&Id=704

Atik, S. A. (2006) Bütünleşik Kıyı Alanı Yönetimi ve Türkiye’deki Bazı Uygulamaların Değerlendirilmesi. 7. Kıyı Mühendisliği Sempozyumu Bildirileri Kitabı, 481-493.

Alkan, R.M., Şeker, D.Z., Demirel, D., Kalkan, Y. and Kabdaşlı, S. (2006) Designing An Information System For Supporting Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) - A Case Study. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 15(8a), 829-834.

National Trust, 2015, Fifty years of Neptune Coastline Campaign, https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/features/fifty-years-of-neptune-coastline-campaign

Framework Notes, 2015, Meeting of European and Mediterranean Coastal Agencies and Coast Day 2015, Antibes, France http://coastday2015.org/pdfs/FRAMEWORK_NOTE_GOVERNANCE_GB.pdf

Plan Bleu Workshop Results Presentation,Coast Day 2015, Antibes Convention Center, France