EVALUATION OF OPERATING ROOM UNITS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF GREEN DESIGN CRITERIA
The economic problems multiplying due to the deterioration of environmental conditions and the exhaustion of fossil based energy sources in today’s world brings into question endeavours towards designing environmentally compatible hospital buildings that causes less carbon emissions to the nature and that reduces the construction and management costs of the buildings and that considers energy efficiency for the hospital buildings as well covering different functions and requirements. However, in the operating room units where the hospital comfort requirements have been utilised to the utmost level, endeavours for providing green criteria and energy efficiency have remained limited. The objective of this study is to determine other studies to be undertaken in compliance with green building criteria in the operating room units having complicated design characteristics in relation to the other hospital units. The green design criteria for operating rooms in line with national and international studies had been researched within the context of this study and the raise in efficiency had been explained using examples.
T.R. Ministry of Health, Private Hospitals Department of Authorisation, Regulation on Private Hospitals, Ankara, 2008.
URL: http://www.tipterimlerisozlugu.com/septic.html, 10 October (2015)
Balaras, C.A., Dascalaki, E., Gaglia, A.,‘HVAC and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Hospital Operating Rooms’, Energy and Buildings, 39: 454–470, (2007).
Drake, B., ‘Infection Control in Hospitals. Health-Care’, ASHRAE Journal, 48: 12-17, 2006.
Uzunay, S., ‘Planning Circulation Analysis of Hospital Buildings’, Published Msc. Thesis, Haliç University, Istanbul, 2011.
American Institute of Architects. Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospitals and Health Care Facilities. Washington (DC): American Institute of Architects Press; Chapter 7, 2001-2010.
T.R. Ministry of Health, Department of Construction and Repairs, Minimum Design Standards of Health-Care Buildings in Turkey, Ankara, 2010.
Kırbaş, C., ‘Principles of Architectural-Mechanical Project Design and Implementation for Hospitals’, Journal of Plant Engineering, 127: 15-30, 2012.
Ministry of Health, Private Hospitals Department of Authorisation, Regulation on Private Health Facilities for Outpatient Diagnosis and Treatment, Ankara, 2008
Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects (TMMOB), “Principles Installation and Inspection of Hospital Air Conditioning”, Publication No: MMO/2008/481, 2008.
Boylu A., ‘The Condition of Air Conditioning and Ventilation Techniques at Hospital Hygienic Spaces in our Country’, National Plant Engineering Congress VII, Teskon 2007 Seminar Manifesto, 2007.
Süngü, A., ‘Air Conditioning at Hospitals’, 2nd National Sterilisation and Operating Room Disinfection Congress, 73-82, 2014.
ASHRAE- 2013. Green Guide Design, Construction, and Operation of Sustainable Buildings. Chapter 5, Architectural Design and Planning Impacts. page: 93-100. Atlanta, 2013.
Bonnema, E., Pless, S., Doebber, I., ‘Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities’, Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 1 (2): 277–296, 2010.
ASHRAE. 2011. Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Applications. Chapter 8, Health-Care Facilities. Atlanta, 2011.
Kenter, M., ‘Sterile Space Planning Criteria for Hospitals’ Sterilisation, Disinfection and Hospital Infections, 18:1-13, 2001.
Health Technical Memorandum 03-01: Specialised Ventilation for Healthcare Premise, Heating and Ventilation Systems. Part A: Design and Validation, 2006.
T.R. Ministry of Health, Department of Construction and Repairs, Minimum Technical Standards of Existing and to be Built Health-Care Buildings, Ankara, 2012.
Dascalakia, E., Lagoudib, A., Balaras C.A., Gaglia A., ‘Air Quality in Hospital Operating Rooms’, Building and Environment, 43: 1945–1952, 2008.
ASHRAE, 2003-2013. HVAC Design Manual for Hospitals and Clinics. Chapter 2-8, Infection Control and Room Design. Atlanta, USA, 2013.
Cerit, B., Doğrul, N., ‘Measures for Energy Saving at Facilities with Air Conditioning’, Journal of Plant Engineering, 89: 71-77, 2005.
Health Technical Memorandum 04-01: The Control of Legionella, Hygiene, “Safe” Hot Water, Cold Water and Drinking Water Systems. Part B: Operational Management, 2006.
Terekli, G., Özkan, O., Bayın, G., ‘Environmentally Friendly Hospitals: from Hospital to Green Hospital’, Ankara Journal of Health Services, 12(2) : 37-54, 2013.
Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects (TMMOB), General Technical Specifications and Principles of Implementation for Electric Facilities, Publication No: Ty/2011/2, Ankara, 2012.
Oğuzalp, E., Genç H., Urkiye A., ‘Architectural Details in the Sterile Structuring of Operating Rooms and An Infrastructure Study for Specifications’, Selçuk University, Faculty of Architecture and Engineering, Department of Architecture., 2011.
Coşgun, A., Korkmaz, A., Doğdu, N., ‘Research and Modelling on the Indoor Air Quality of the Hygienic Spaces in Hospitals (Example of Antalya)’, URL: http://www.mmo.org.tr/resimler/dosya_ekler/a07b6ff3930910b_ek.pdf?tipi
Bensalem, S., ‘Sustainable Healthcare Architecture: Designing a Healing Environment’, The University of Texas at Austin - School of Architecture –USA, URL:https://soa.utexas.edu/sites/default/disk/munpaper1/munpaper1/10_02_su_bensalem_sara.pdf, 2015.
Gençoğlu, M.T., Özbay, E., ‘Methods of Energy Efficiency in Lighting’, Fırat University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, 2005.
Medical Waste Management, URL: https://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/publications/icrc-002-4032.pdf., 17.01.2016.