Degradation of Polyvinyl Alcohol by a Mixed Culture Isolated from Paper Mill Treatment
Mixed microbial culture from paper mill treatment system was enriched on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) medium and its PVA biodegradation capacity was investigated as a function of change in the initial pH values and PVA concentrations. The optimum pH value at 0.75 g l-1 initial PVA concentration was determined to be 8. PVA biodegradation by mixed microbial culture was investigated at the range of 0.68 – 15.5 g l-1 initial PVA concentrations. The mixed microbial culture was found to degrade within 5 days 98.6–88.5% of the initial PVA levels which ranged from 0.68 to 1.14 g l−1. The mixed microbial culture was found to remove more than 90% of the initial PVA concentrations, within the range of 3.13 to 6.64 g l-1 in 16–25 days of incubation at 35 °C.
Chiellini, E., Corti, A., D’Antone, S. and Solaro, R., “Biodegradation of poly (vinyl alcohol) based materials”, Prog. Polym. Sci., 28: 963–1014, (2003).
Kawai, F. and Hu, X., “Biochemistry of microbial polyvinyl alcohol degradation”. Appl. Microbiol. Biot., 84: 227–237, (2009).
Betty Lucy López, O., Amanda Inés Mejía, G. and Ligia Sierra, G., “Biodegradability of poly(vinyl alcohol)”. Polym. Eng. Sci., 39: 1346–1352, (1999).
Shimao, M., “Biodegradation of plastics”. Curr. Opin. Biotech., 12: 242-247, (2001).
Shah, A.A., Hasan, F., Hameed, A. and Ahmed, S., “Biological comprehensive review”. Biotechnol. Adv., 26: 246– 265, (2008). of plastics: A
Internet: Kuraray Co. Ltd., Kuraray Poval, Application Online (2013)
Schönberger, H., Baumann, U. and Keller, W., “Study of microbial degradation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in wastewater treatment plants”. Am. Dyestuff Rep., 86: 9–17, (1997).
Chiellini, E., Corti, A., D'Antone, S. and Solaro, R., “Biodegradation of PVA-based formulations”. Macromol. Symp., 144: 127–139, (1999).
Suzuki, T., Ichihara, Y., Yamada, M. and Tonomura, K., “Some characteristics of Pseudomonas O-3 which utilizes polyvinyl alcohol”. Agric. Biol. Chem., 37: 747–756, (1973).
Kawagoshi, Y. and Fujita, M., “Purification and properties of polyvinyl alcohol oxidase with broad substrate range obtained from Pseudomonas vesicularis var. povalolyticus PH”. World. J. Microb. Biot., 13: 273–277, (1997).
Matsumura, S., Tomizawa, N., Toki, A., Nishikawa, K. and Toshima, K., “Novel poly(vinyl alcohol)- degrading enzyme and the degradation mechanism”. Macromolecules, 32: 7753–7761, (1999).
Mori, T., Sakimoto, M., Kagi, T. and Sakai, T., “Isolation and characterization of a strain of Bacillus megaterium that degrades poly(vinyl alcohol)”. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 60: 330–332, (1996).
Qian, D., Du, G. and Chen, J., “Isolation and culture characterization of a new polyvinyl alcohol- degrading strain: Penicillium sp. WSH02-21”. World. J. Microb. Biot., 20: 587–591, (2004).
Yamatsu, A., Matsumi, R., Atomi, H. and Imanaka, T., “Isolation and characterization of a novel poly(vinyl Sphingopyxis Biotechnol., 72: 804–811, (2006). bacterium, Microbiol. PVA3”. Appl.
Huang, M.H., Shih, Y.P. and Liu, S.M., “Biodegradation Phanerochaete chrysosporium after pretreatment with Fenton's reagent”. J. Environ. Sci. Health A: Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng., 37: 29–41, (2002). alcohol by
Shimao, M., Saimoto, H., Kato, N. and Sakazawa, C., “Properties and role of bacterial symbionts of polyvinyl alcohol utilizing mixed cultures”. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 46: 605–610, (1983).
Corti, A., Solaro, R. and Chiellini, E., “Biodegradation of poly(vinyl alcohol) in selected mixed microbial culture and relevant culture filtrate”. Polym. Degrad. Stabil., 75: 447–458, (2002).
Chen, J., Zhang, Y., Du, G.-C., Hua, Z.-Z. and Zhu, Y., “Biodegradation of polyvinyl alcohol by a mixed microbial culture”. Enzyme Microb. Tech., 40: 1686–1691, (2007).
Kim, M.N. and Yoon, M.G., “Isolation of strains degrading poly(vinyl alcohol) at high temperatures and their biodegradation ability”. Polym. Degrad. Stabil., 95: 89–93, (2010).
Lee, J.-A. and Kim, M.-N., “Isolation of new and potent poly(vinyl alcohol)-degrading strains and their degradation activity”, Polym. Degrad. Stabil., 81: 303–308, (2003).
Cetin, D., “Anaerobic biodegradation of poly-3- (PHB) hydroxybutyrate bacterium Desulfotomaculum sp.” Soil. Sediment Contam., 18: 345–353, (2009). sulfate reducing
Finley, J.H., “Spectrophotometric determination of polyvinyl alcohol in paper coatings”. Anal. Chem., 33: 1925–1927, (1961).
Kim, B.C., Sohn, C.K., Lim, S.K., Lee, J.W. and Park, W., “Degradation of polyvinyl alcohol by Sphingomonas sp. SA3 and its symbiote”. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 30: 70–74, (2003).
Sakazawa, C., Shimao, M., Taniguchi, Y. and Kato, N., Symbiotic utilization of polyvinyl alcohol by mixed cultures. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 41: 261– 267, (1981).
Du, G., Liu, L., Song, Z., Hua, Z., Zhu, Y. and Chen, J., “Production of polyvinyl alcohol-degrading enzyme with Janthinobacterium sp. and its application in cotton fabric desizing”. Biotechnol. J., 2: 752–758, (2007).
Guo, Y., Zhou, M., Cui S.K. and Nian N., “Biodegradation of PVA by the new mixed strains isolated from a de-sizing process” J. Environ. Sci. Heal. A, 48: 518–525, (2013).