An Expert System Design and Application for Hydroponics Greenhouse Systems

İsmail ŞAHİN, M. Hanefi CALP, Atacan ÖZKAN
3.761 1.467

Abstract


In this study, the hydroponics subject is briefly discussed and developed an expert system on the subject. Expert system, the process of upbringing of plants produced in the hydroponics systems has controlled. The system is able to determine to the values ​​of input parameters by using output parameters entered by user. The input parameters preparing the optimum growing environment for plants by controlling the process of plant breeding. Thus, removal of the optimum level of efficiency in activities the hydroponics and minimize of the labor force and cost will be spent in the process of plant growth is aimed.


Keywords


Expert System, Hydroponics, Greenhouse, Automation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sheikh, B.A. (2006). Hydroponics: key to sustain agriculture in water stressed and urban environment. Pak. J. Agric., Agril. Eng., Vet. Sci. 22, 53–57.

Benton, J. J. (2004). Hydroponics. A practical guide for the soilless grower. 2nd Edition, CRC Press. pp. 35-150.

Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press. London, Abstract: Soil Sci., 168(1): 29-38.

Morgan, L, Peckenpaugh, D. (2004). Hydroponic Solutions, Voll: Hydroponic Growing Tips, New Moon Publishing, Co., Covallis, OR.

Winsor, G., Schwarz, M. (1990). Soiless culture for horticultural crop production. Rome, P .188 p.101.

Eltez, R.Z., Tüzel, Y., Tüzel, I.H., Gül, A., Demirelli, A. (2002). Effect of Continuous and Intermittent Solution Circulation on Yield, Fruit Quality and Water Consumption of Tomato Plants Grown in Nutrient Film Technique (NFT). Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture-Electronic Journal. 39(1):17- 24.

Sevgican, A. (2003). Greenhouse Vegetable Cultivation. Vol II (Hydroponics). Ege University, Agriculture Faculty Publications. N:526. Bornova- Izmir. p.168.

Arteca, R. N and J. M. Arteca. (2000). A novel method for growing Arabidopsis thaliana plants hydroponically. Physiol. Plant, 108: 188–193.

Grewal, H.S., Maheshwari, B. and Parks, S.E. (2011). Water and nutrient use efficiency of a low- cost hydroponic greenhouse for a cucumber crop: An Australian case study, Agricultural Water Management 98, 841–846.

Parks, S.E., Worrall, R.J., Low, C.T., Jarvis, J.A. (2009). Initial efforts to improve the managementof substrates in greenhouse vegetable production in Australia. Acta Hort. 819, 331–336.

Jones, Jr., J. B. (1983). A Guide For The Hydroponics and Soilless Culture Grower. ISBN: 0- 917304-49-7. Timber Pres. Oregon.

Van Os, E.A., T.H. Gieling and M.N.A. Ruıjs. (2001). Equipment for hydroponic installations. In: Savvas, D. and H.C. Passam (eds): Hydroponic production of vegetables and ornamentals. Embryo Publications, Athens, Greece, 103–141.

Ghehsareh, A. M., Khosravan, S. and Shahabi, A. A. (2011). The effect of different nutrient solutions on some growth indices of greenhouse cucumber in soilless culture”, Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science Vol. 3(12), pp. 321-326, 30 October.

Sonneveld, C., Wim, V. (2009). Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops. Springer. p. 431.

Sonneveld, C., de Kreij, C., van der Wees, A. voor (1991). glastuinbouw, No. 11, fifth ed., p. 23.

waterqualiteit in de

Schwarz, D., R. Grosch, W. Gross and S. Hoffmann- Hergartenc. (2005). Water quality assessment of different reservoir types in relation to nutrient solution use in hydroponics. Agricultural Water Management 71 (2005) 145–166

Hitchon, G.M., Szmidt, R.A.K., Hall, D.A. (1991). A low-technology hydroponic crop production system based on expanded perlite. Acta Hort. 287, 431–434.

Schnitzler, W.H., Sharma, A.K., Gruda, N.S., Heuberger, H.T. (2004). A low-tech hydroponic system for bell pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) production. Acta Hort. 644, 47–53.

Bradley, P., Marulanda, C. (2000). Simplified hydroponics to reduce global hunger. Acta Hort. 554, 289–295.

Kurklu, A. and Caglayan, N. (2005). A Study on the Development of Greenhouse Automation Systems. Akdeniz University, Journal of the Agriculture Faculty. 18(1), 25-34.

Resh, H. M. (1991). Hydroponics Food Production. Woodbridge Press Publication. California. P. 462.

Fynn, R.P., Bauerle, W.L. and Roller, W.L. (1994). Implementing a decision and expert system model for individual nutrient selection, Agricultural Systems, Vol. 44, No. 2, 125-142, 0308-521X.

Chen, Q.Y. and Li, H. (2001). Study on the expert system of cucumber culture management in greenhouse. Transactions of the CSAE. Vol. 17, No. 6, 142-146, 1002-6819.

Hu, Y.G.; Li, P.P.; Zhang, X.L.; Wang,J.Z.; Chen, L.F. and Liu, W.H. (2007). Integration of an environment information acquisition system with a greenhouse management expert system. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 50, No. 5, 855-860, 0028-8233.

Gilreath, J. (1985). Description of a Basic Program For Microcomputer. American Society For Horticural Science. Apr. s.301. Using a Protable

Sener, A. (1990). Freeze-Cold Warning and Automatic Heating in Greenhouses, Extreme Hot Warning and Automatic Ventilation Cooling System. Master's Thesis. Yüzüncü Yıl University Institute of Science. Van.

Durmaz, N. (1994). A Study on gradual and automatical opening and closing of ventilation covers in greenhouses. Master's Thesis, Akdeniz University, Institute of Science, Antalya.

Liao, S.H. (2005). Expert system methodologies and applications-a decade review from 1995 to 2004. Expert Systems with Applications, 28,1, 93-103.

Turban, E., and Aronson, J. E. (2001). Decision support systems and intelligent systems, sixth Edition (6th ed). Hong Kong: Prentice International Hall.

Sahin, I. 2008. Solid model reconstruction from 2D projections using expert system, Doctoral Thesis. Gazi University, Institute of Science.

Nabiyev, V.V., (2005). Artificial Intelligence. Seckin Publishing, Ankara, 445.

Chen, Y., Hsu, C.Y., Liu, L., Yang, S. (2012). Constructing a nutrition diagnosis expert system, Expert Systems with Applications, 39, 2, 2132 - 2156.

Medsker, L., Leibowits, J. (1994). Design and development of expert systems and neural Networks. Macmillan, Newyork, p.48-60.

Ciger, M. (2010). Computer Controlled, Internet- Aided Greenhouse Automation, Master's Thesis, Cukurova Department of Agricultural Machinery, Adana. Institute of Science,

Huang, Q. M., Li, X. X., and Qian, Y. (2001). A fault diagnosis expert system based on fault tree analysis Computers and Applied Chemistry, 18, 129–133. de-waxing process.

Qian, Y., Zheng, M., Li, X., Lin, L. (2005). Implementation of knowledge maintenance Modules in an expert system for fault diagnosis of chemical process operation, Expert Systems With Application, 28, p.249-257.

Basak, H., Sahin, I., Gulen, M. (2008). The risk management model based on expert system for preventing unmanned aır vehicle accidents, , Vol 11(3), 187-200.

Yen, V. C. (1999). Rule selections in fuzzy expert systems, Expert Systems with Applications 16, 79– 84

Sahin, I., Calp, M. H., Akca, Ö. (2011). An Expert System Approach for Evaluation of Credibility Score. Journal of Polytechnic. 14 ( 1), 79-83. [40] Allahverdi, N. (2002). Implementation of an Artificial Intelligence. (4th ed.). Istanbul. Atlas Publishing. 16-20. Systems:

Calp, M.H. (2011). Object Oriented Software Testing and Implementation of Expert Modul that Evaluating The Metric Suite. Master's Thesis, Gazi University, of Institute Informatics, Ankara.