A BIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION ON TURKISH SPALAX GULDENSTAEDT, 1770 (MAMMALIA: RODENTIA)
In this study, results and 265 Spalax specimens obtained from the field studies performed between 1994 and 2002 were used. According to these data, reproduction period of Turkish Spalax Guldenstaedt, 1770 lasted from February to July. Turkish Spalax was distributed in areas from sea level up to 2900 meters such as cultivated areas, sparse woodland, steppes, mountain slopes where ground was suitable for burrowing, but not in dense forest. They were not distributed around Kırklareli in Thrace, costal part of Black Sea region and Antalya district, southern and southeastern parts of Van Lake. Their burrows consisted of a nest chamber, toilet room, storage room, and feeding galleries close to surface. They were feed on carrot, potato, onion, wheat seeds and clover in laboratory conditions. When they found in cultivated areas, they can cause damage especially to potatoes, onion, carrot, garlic and sugar beet. Blind mole rats were feed on underground parts and sometimes leaves of plants. Population density could reach up to 6 animals in an area of 1000 m2. Sex ratio was determined as 40.77 % for males and 59.23 % for females based on 260 specimens identified sexually.